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殷人鳥崇拜與圖騰理論研究 A study of the bird cult of the Shang people and “totemism”

饒宗頤國學院 (October 22, 2021)

SEMINAR SERIES : Online Lecture Series: New Perspectives on the Old World

LENGTH : 85 min.
ACCESS : Open to all
SUMMARY : 本文原刊於1998年《華裔學志》,原題為《殷人鳥崇拜研究》,後又翻譯成中文。我以經典文獻與考古、古文字資料相結合考察了殷人鳥崇拜是否屬於所謂圖騰信仰的問題,並且指出殷人的鳥崇拜事實上是針對猛禽類鳥的神性的崇拜,而且源於維多利亞時代的人類學的圖騰理論於此並不適用。而殷人的鳥崇拜不是某一特定的鳥,如燕子、烏鴉等,而是具有神性的鳥,想像中的鳳凰,實際形像即為各種鷙鳥。近年來考古發現的文物資料,更不斷地證明這一推斷。

This article was originally published in Monumenta Serica in 1998, entitled "A Study of the Bird Cult of the Shang People", and later translated into Chinese. In this article I investigate whether the Shang people's bird worship belonged to the so-called totem belief by cross-reference examination of this phenomenon in canonical literature, archaeological artifacts, manuscript and inscriptional materials, and point out that Shang people's bird worship was actually aimed at the divine cult of raptors, and the “Totem” theory derived from Victorian anthropology was not applicable. From the extant sources, we can deduce that Shang people's bird worship was not of a specific bird, such as swallow and crow, but of a divine bird, an imaginary “Phoenix” conceived as birds of prey in real life. In recent years, archaeological cultural relics found in archaeology have continued to support this theory.  [Go to the full record in the library's catalogue]

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