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Interpreting at the Nuremberg Trial (1945-1946) as a Turning Point in the History of Conference Interpreting

Centre for Translation (March 16, 2017)

SEMINAR SERIES : Translation seminar series

MAJOR SPEAKER : Baigorri-Jalón, Jesús
LENGTH : 117 min.
ACCESS : Open to all
SUMMARY : The decision made by WWII Allied powers (the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain and France) to prosecute expeditiously Nazi suspected criminals required the use of a simultaneous interpreting system which had been patented by IBM after successful trials at the International Labour Office in Geneva in the late 1920s. The public international echo of the Nuremberg trial brought about a clearer social recognition of the challenges interpreters faced to orally translate simultaneously among the four official languages (English, French, German and Russian). Most of the Nuremberg interpreters acquired their skills on the job, while coping with the linguistic, technical and ethical issues their tasks involved. Some of them moved, while the Trial was still on-going, to the recently established United Nations, which would soon adopt simultaneous as their preferred interpreting mode. The presence of a number of women interpreters at Nuremberg can be seen as a starting point towards the feminization of the profession.  [Go to the full record in the library's catalogue]

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